Using this guide What's covered

Here you’ll find the answers to many of your questions about cystoscopy. Learn how the procedure works, what it may cost, what your recovery may be like, and more.

To see how this procedure is done, view our animation below. For personal insights, see our patient experience videos in which HCF members talk frankly about their preparation, their procedure and their recovery.

Cost indicator

Discover the typical out-of-pocket costs HCF members can expect to pay for cystoscopy and learn how your choice of doctor and hospital affect that cost.


See costs

Learn about cystoscopy

By allowing your doctor to see inside your bladder and urethra, cystoscopy can be used to diagnose a range of conditions. This short animation shows what happens during cystoscopy.

The basics

What is a cystoscopy?

Cystoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to see inside your bladder and urethra and sometimes perform procedures. It’s carried out using a specialised endoscopic instrument called a cystoscope. A cystoscope is a long lighted fibre-optic tube with a small camera at the end. A cystoscopy can reveal information that’s not obvious on an x-ray or ultrasound.

Why is it done?

It’s done to help diagnose the reason for problems such as:

  • recurrent urinary tract infection
  • retention of urine
  • pain
  • blood-stained urine
  • difficult or frequent urination
  • incontinence.

As well as diagnosis, a cystoscopy may also be used as a treatment, including:

  • removing tumours from your bladder
  • crushing and removing stones found in your bladder
  • removing an obstruction in your bladder
  • treating bleeding in your bladder.

The details


Alternatives to cystoscopy

Are there any other options?
Learn more

Types of cystoscopy procedure

Benefits and drawbacks of the different types of procedure.
Learn more

Results vs risks of the procedure

The benefits and potential complications of cystoscopy.
Learn more

Choosing a specialist

How to find a urologist who specialises in your procedure.
Learn more


Questions for your doctor

What you should be asking before going ahead with cystoscopy.
Learn more

Preparing for your procedure

What you need to do before your cystoscopy.
Learn more

Your anaesthetic options

About the anaesthetic and post-procedure pain relief.
Learn more


Going to hospital

What to expect on the day of your procedure.
Learn more

Your procedure

What happens in the procedure room?
Learn more


After your procedure

Before you go home.
Learn more


Taking precautions and resuming activities.
Learn more

Patient experiences

People who’ve had cystoscopies talk about their preparation, procedure and recovery. 
View videos

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Important information

Information is provided by HCF in good faith for the convenience of members. It is not an endorsement or recommendation of any form of treatment nor is it a substitute for medical advice, and you should rely on the advice of your treating doctors in relation to all matters concerning your health. Every effort has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information, however HCF takes no responsibility for any injury, loss, damage or other consequences of the use of this information.