Using this guide What's covered
Here you’ll find answers to many of your questions about haemorrhoid surgery (known as haemorrhoidectomy). Learn how it’s done, what it may cost, what your recovery may be like, and more.
To see how the surgery’s preformed, view our animation below.
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For personal insights, see our patient experience videos in which HCF members talk frankly about their preparation, surgery and recovery.
What are haemorrhoids?
Haemorrhoids, (also known as ‘piles’) are swollen veins. There are 2 types of haemorrhoids, internal and external. Internal haemorrhoids are found inside the lower part of your rectum.
External haemorrhoids are the most common. They originate just outside the anus. They can cause swelling, a lump, pain, severe itching and discomfort when sitting down. External haemorrhoids grow outside of your anus.
Internal haemorrhoids originate higher up in your anus. They can poke through (prolapse) and appear outside your anus. This can be extremely painful.
What is haemorrhoid surgery?
There are several different medical procedures for treating haemorrhoids, including ones your doctor can do in the office, through to surgery (haemorrhoidectomy) performed in a day clinic or hospital. They’re all designed to reduce or remove haemorrhoids.
Surgery usually involves cutting off their blood supply or else removing them completely.
The type of procedure depends on the severity of the haemorrhoids, your surgeon’s skills and your personal choice.
Learn more about staging of internal haemorrhoids.
Where is it done?
Haemorrhoid surgery can be done as same-day surgery although sometimes you may need to stay in hospital overnight.
How long does it take?
It normally takes around 30 minutes depending on the complexity.[i]
Who is involved?
- A general surgeon, colorectal surgeon or gastroenterologist.
- Possibly an assistant surgeon
Alternatives to haemorrhoid surgery
There may be alternatives to haemorrhoid surgery depending on your condition.
Types of haemorrhoid surgery
There are several different surgical methods for treating haemorrhoids.
Results vs. risks of the procedure
The benefits and risks of haemorrhoid surgery.
Choosing a specialist
How to find a surgeon who specialises in this procedure.
Questions for your surgeon
What you should ask before going ahead with haemorrhoid surgery.
Preparing for your procedure
Pre-operative tests and preparation prior to haemorrhoid surgery.
Your anaesthetic options
About the options for anaesthesia and post-op pain relief.
Staging of internal haemorrhoids
Treatment of internal haemorrhoids depends on their severity.
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