There are many different types of colon surgery, including:
Partial colectomy – part of your bowel is removed
Hemi colectomy – approximately half your colon is removed (left or right)
Subtotal colectomy – most of your colon is removed
Total colectomy – your entire colon is removed, except for your rectum and anus
Proctocolectomy – your colon and rectum are removed
Abdomino-perineal resection – part of your left colon is removed, and your rectum and anus
The complexity of your surgery will depend on the site of the tumour or damage to your colon. The usual approach is for the surgeon to make an incision up to 40cm long down the centre of your abdomen.
The procedure involves removing the damaged part of your colon and then reconnecting the healthy parts of your colon. The surgeon will often decide how much colon to remove during your surgery.
Sometimes your surgeon will create a stoma by bringing either the end of the bowel or a loop of healthy bowel to the surface of your abdomen. This is usually, but not always, temporary.