Using this guide What's covered
Here you’ll find the answers to many of your questions about tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (removal of the tonsils and adenoids). Learn how the surgery works, what it may cost, what your recovery may be like and more.
To see how the surgery is done, view our animation below. For personal insights, see our patient experience videos in which HCF members talk frankly about their preparation, surgery and recovery.
What are tonsils?
Tonsils are two almond-shaped organs at the back of your mouth on either side of your throat. They’re made of lymphoid tissue and their role is to help prevent infections entering through your nose or mouth.
Why are they removed?
When the tonsils get inflamed or enlarged it leads to a condition called tonsillitis. This is usually caused by a virus or bacteria. Tonsillitis often follows a cold and mainly occurs in young people, but can happen at any age.
If the infections become frequent or chronic, your doctor might suggest a tonsillectomy. There are other areas in the body made of this special tissue, so if your tonsils are removed your body is still able to fight infection.
Medication can’t prevent tonsillitis but antibiotics can help to treat it if it’s caused by bacteria, although the prolonged use of antibiotics can lessen their effectiveness. The only way to prevent the recurrence of tonsillitis is to surgically remove the tonsils.
Other reasons for tonsillectomy include:
- Recurrent quinsy (abscess behind the tonsil)
- Very large tonsils that cause snoring and in some cases sleep apnoea (obstructed breathing during sleep)
- In rare circumstances, a tumour or growth on the tonsils
Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
Your adenoids are fleshy lumps of tissue higher up in the back of your mouth, in between your tonsils. They’re also part of your lymphatic system.
If they become enlarged and block your nose your surgeon may choose to remove them as well. This procedure is called an adenoidectomy. Removal of both tonsils and adenoids is called an adenotonsillectomy or tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A).
Around 48,000 tonsillectomies and/or adenoidectomies are performed in Australia every year. The median waiting time at a public hospital is about 102 days. At a private hospital you won’t have to wait in a queue.
Treatments to consider before opting for surgery
Non-surgical options that may delay the need for tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy.
Results vs risks of surgery
The benefits and potential complications of tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy.
Choosing a specialist
How to find a surgeon who specialises in this procedure.
Questions for the surgeon and anaesthetist
What you should be asking before going ahead with surgery.
Preparing for surgery
Pre-operative tests and advice on preparing a child for the procedure.
Your anaesthetic options
The type of anaesthetic and pain relief you may be offered.
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